For the past a thousand and plus years, among the popular beverages worldwide is coffee. It is also loved in the Arabian countries including Saudi Arabia by the name of ماكينة اسبريسو. Coffee bean which is the originator of the beverage is both a political controversy and also economic growth source from when it was first discovered. Coffee has got involved in various fields including romantic adventures, religious debates as well as international intrigue. Although coffee producing tree grows everywhere in the world, from Africa to Indonesia, the production conditions are stringent. The coffee bean is usually the seed that a coffee tree produces. The average height a coffee tree has is 20 feet.
Coffee was discovered first in Ethiopia by a herdsman who noted his goats flock eating red berries in a bush in the 850 A.D. the goats after its consumption developed much energy that even the herdsman noticed. He tried the berries himself but then it gave him a stimulating effect. The trees found in the wild where about 45feet tall with most of the seeds producing pairs of seeds. However, a variety called pea berry produces only individual seeds. The tree’s fruit is similar to cranberry with its inside enclosed with sugary pulp.
The trees were noted to have deep green wide leaves producing flowers in resemblance of Jasmine. The coffee bean was called Kaldi which the founder herdsman got berries a handful then took it to monks in a local monastery after which he explained how he came to the discovery of the beans. The monks at first called it devil’s work. Afterward, they came to learn that the red berry skin contained a bean which once roasted makes a beverage that is stimulating which then opened their eyes to get the benefits of the discovery.
Within time the bean turned to an economy changing commodity that improved the wealth of nations that grew the coffee. A certain physician in the 1000 A.D. started promoting the bean medicinal properties. Coffee has now become an energy drink known to keep people remain awake hence doing much work.
Export of coffee to Europe
Coffee beans’ popularity grew making it a commodity mostly sought in the Asian and Europe Continents. In Europe, coffee houses sprang up making a commercial enterprise. Former Turkey thought of coffee as aphrodisiac such that it could lead to a divorce if by any chance a wife was not provided with it by the husband on a daily basis.
Despite its popularity worldwide, coffee also received controversy. The evil feel of the coffee also was experienced to the extent of the bean being banned by a Governor in Mecca. This resulted in chaos all over the affected region which led to political debates as well as revolt breaking rumors.
A public outcry led to political influence that sought to push the Governor to lift the ban. This governor declined to lift the ban which led to his execution. Up to the 1600’s only Arabia and North America grew coffee. Since the growing regions wanted to maintain the coffee’s price of production, they did not export any fertile beans. They instead used to remove the coffee husks by boiling the beans such that germination could not occur in any other place. This instead led to coffee smuggling which got the smugglers enough of fertile seeds with time allowing them to grow it in other places.
Export of coffee to western countries.
John Smith who was among Jamestown Colony founders introduced the beverage that is stimulating to the western world. It was after an intervention of sparing his life by Princess Pocahontas that he introduced the bean to her. It is after this introduction that merchants began trading all over the world the beans with coffee houses all over hence the beverage’s popularity.
Production of coffee in the modern world.
Coffee production has moved from Asia and Northern Africa to various regions including Turkey, Columbia, Spain, Brazil, Cuba and many more countries all over the world. Around the equator is a piece of land ranging from around 25 degrees south and north that produces a large number of the coffee’s variety. Coffee growing requires a right temperature of about 65F with thriving coffee having an ideal rainfall in a month six inches. Coffee production requires hot to warm weather environment for it to thrive. After its growing, other companies are involved in the trade. Merchants of coffee have become common everywhere.