The origin of coffee beans

For the past a thousand and plus years, among the popular beverages worldwide is coffee. It is also loved in the Arabian countries including Saudi Arabia by the name of ماكينة اسبريسو. Coffee bean which is the originator of the beverage is both a political controversy and also economic growth source from when it was first discovered. Coffee has got involved in various fields including romantic adventures, religious debates as well as international intrigue. Although coffee producing tree grows everywhere in the world, from Africa to Indonesia, the production conditions are stringent. The coffee bean is usually the seed that a coffee tree produces. The average height a coffee tree has is 20 feet.

Coffee discovery

Coffee was discovered first in Ethiopia by a herdsman who noted his goats flock eating red berries in a bush in the 850 A.D. the goats after its consumption developed much energy that even the herdsman noticed. He tried the berries himself but then it gave him a stimulating effect. The trees found in the wild where about 45feet tall with most of the seeds producing pairs of seeds. However, a variety called pea berry produces only individual seeds. The tree’s fruit is similar to cranberry with its inside enclosed with sugary pulp.

The trees were noted to have deep green wide leaves producing flowers in resemblance of Jasmine. The coffee bean was called Kaldi which the founder herdsman got berries a handful then took it to monks in a local monastery after which he explained how he came to the discovery of the beans. The monks at first called it devil’s work. Afterward, they came to learn that the red berry skin contained a bean which once roasted makes a beverage that is stimulating which then opened their eyes to get the benefits of the discovery.

Within time the bean turned to an economy changing commodity that improved the wealth of nations that grew the coffee. A certain physician in the 1000 A.D. started promoting the bean medicinal properties. Coffee has now become an energy drink known to keep people remain awake hence doing much work.

Export of coffee to Europe

Coffee beans’ popularity grew making it a commodity mostly sought in the Asian and Europe Continents. In Europe, coffee houses sprang up making a commercial enterprise. Former Turkey thought of coffee as aphrodisiac such that it could lead to a divorce if by any chance a wife was not provided with it by the husband on a daily basis.

Despite its popularity worldwide, coffee also received controversy. The evil feel of the coffee also was experienced to the extent of the bean being banned by a Governor in Mecca. This resulted in chaos all over the affected region which led to political debates as well as revolt breaking rumors.

A public outcry led to political influence that sought to push the Governor to lift the ban. This governor declined to lift the ban which led to his execution. Up to the 1600’s only Arabia and North America grew coffee. Since the growing regions wanted to maintain the coffee’s price of production, they did not export any fertile beans. They instead used to remove the coffee husks by boiling the beans such that germination could not occur in any other place. This instead led to coffee smuggling which got the smugglers enough of fertile seeds with time allowing them to grow it in other places.

Export of coffee to western countries.

John Smith who was among Jamestown Colony founders introduced the beverage that is stimulating to the western world. It was after an intervention of sparing his life by Princess Pocahontas that he introduced the bean to her. It is after this introduction that merchants began trading all over the world the beans with coffee houses all over hence the beverage’s popularity.

Production of coffee in the modern world.

Coffee production has moved from Asia and Northern Africa to various regions including Turkey, Columbia, Spain, Brazil, Cuba and many more countries all over the world. Around the equator is a piece of land ranging from around 25 degrees south and north that produces a large number of the coffee’s variety. Coffee growing requires a right temperature of about 65F with thriving coffee having an ideal rainfall in a month six inches. Coffee production requires hot to warm weather environment for it to thrive. After its growing, other companies are involved in the trade. Merchants of coffee have become common everywhere.

Health Benefits of Coffee

Coffee gets a lot of bad publicity because of its addictive nature and the bad stigma of caffeine. However research shows that coffee is actually beneficial to our bodies delivering nutrients and antioxidants. More than just a wake-up or ‘keep me alert’ drink, coffee can contribute significantly to your overall health.

Energy: People experience increased energy levels with coffee because of the caffeine. What most people do not know is that once caffeine is in the brain, it causes an increase of certain neurotransmitters that produce elevated moods, better memory and reaction times as well as general cognitive function.

Burn Fat: Caffeine is included in diet pills for a reason. It helps to stimulate fat burning and boosts metabolic rate. Daily cups of coffee can help your diet without the need for fads and pills.

Type II Diabetes: This world wired problem is characterized by an inability to secrete insulin. Studies have shown that coffee drinkers have reduced risks of developing this disease.

Dementia: Alzheimers is the most common degenerative disease to date and affects a great many people. While there is no cure, research indicates that regular coffee drinkers have a significantly reduced chance of developing any form of dementia.

Parkinson ’s disease: The caffeine in coffee helps to promote increased dopamine levels. Since Parkinson’s is caused by the death of dopamine transmitters, caffeine seems to have an effect and lowers risk of the disease’s development.

Physical Performance: Caffeine gives our nervous systems a boost and increases epinephrine. Commonly known as the ‘fight or flight’ response, caffeine causes similar signals, gearing our bodies for physical exertion. Add to this the accelerated breakdown of fat for energy, performance increases intensely.

Essential Nutrients: Coffee contains riboflavin, vitamin B5, manganese, potassium, magnesium and niacin. Although in small amount compared to the recommended daily allowances, a few cups a day (like most people drink) delivers a good portion of these essential nutrients.

Antioxidants: Coffee is the largest supplier of antioxidants in the Western diet. Studies show that people get more antioxidants from coffee than from fruits and vegetables combined.

Liver Function: One of the most vital organs, the liver cleanses and detoxifies the body among other functions. The liver is also prone to many diseases such as cirrhosis which greatly impairs its function. With regards specifically to cirrhosis, coffee drinkers have an 80% lower risk of developing this disease when drinking at least 4 cups a day).

Depression: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the country affecting over 4.1% of the population. Studies have shown that drinking 4 cups of coffee daily have a 20% lower risk of becoming depressed and 53% are less likely to commit suicide.

Cancer: Characterized by uncontrolled growth of cells, cancer is a leading killer across the world. Coffee seems to have protective qualities regarding colorectal cancer and liver cancer. Drinking coffee regularly has been linked to a 40% lower risk of liver cancer and a 15% lower risk of colorectal cancer.

Heart Disease: One of the major complaints against coffee is its effect on blood pressure. While it does raise levels slightly, this effect can disappear over time. Studies have not yet proven that coffee is linked to heart disease or strokes and some have even shown reduced risks. It may be worth consulting a doctor if you have high blood pressure, but otherwise coffee is not as bad as word would have it.

Longevity: As discussed, coffee helps to lower risks of some very serious diseases, so it makes sense that it promotes longevity. Observational studies have shown that coffee drinkers have a 20% lower risk of death among men and 26% among women.

Overall, coffee promotes life and provides a number of benefits to the mind and body.